Aha of Shabha
- (680-752)Babylonian scholar. When he failed to be appointed gaon of the academy at Pumbedita, he moved to Palestine. His Book of Questions contains lectures in Aramaic on weekly portions of the Torah.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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Aḥa Of Shabḥa — ▪ Jewish scholar Aha also spelled Ahai born c. 680, , probably at Shabḥa, near Basra, Iraq died c. 752 prominent Babylonian Talmudist who is the first rabbinical writer known to history after the close of the Talmud. Aḥa s… … Universalium
AḤA (Aḥai) OF SHABḤA — (680–752), scholar of the Pumbedita yeshivah in the geonic period and author of She iltot ( Questions ). He came from Shabḥa, which is adjacent to Basra. When a vacancy occurred in the geonate of Pumbedita a few years before the death of Aḥa, the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GEONIC LITERATURE — This entry includes the basic books of geonic literature, which were compiled during the geonic period – from the year 600 to 1040, approximately. Geonic literature includes several types of works: 1. Commentaries on the Bible 2. Commentaries on… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GAON — (pl. Geonim), formal title of the heads of the academies of Sura and Pumbedita in Babylonia. The geonim were recognized by the Jews as the highest authority of instruction from the end of the sixth century or somewhat later to the middle of the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
CODIFICATION OF LAW — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the concept and its prevalence in other legal systems in jewish law in the mishnah format and style of the mishnah the talmud and post talmudic halakhic literary forms variety of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Midrash Hashkem — Rabbinic Literature Talmudic literature Mishnah • Tosefta Jerusalem Talmud • Babylonian Talmud Minor tractates Halakhic Midrash Mekhilta de Rabbi Yishmael (Exodus) Mekhilta de Rabbi Shimon (Exodus) Sifra (Leviticus) Sifre (Numbers Deuteronomy)… … Wikipedia
Judaism — /jooh dee iz euhm, day , deuh /, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the… … Universalium
ABBA — (Ba), two amoraim are known by this name. (1) ABBA (late third and early fourth centuries), in his youth probably knew Rav and Samuel, the founders of rabbinic learning in Babylonia. He was, however, primarily a disciple of R. Huna and R. Judah,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ALFASI, ISAAC BEN JACOB — (known as Rif; 1013–1103), author of the most important code prior to the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides. In a sense, Alfasi brought the geonic period to a close. The last of the Babylonian geonim, Hai Gaon, died when Alfasi was 25 years old. Alfasi … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ANAV, JUDAH BEN BENJAMIN HA-ROFE — (13th century), author, copyist, and paytan; member of the anau family of Rome. He was also known as Judah Ya aleh (initial letters of Yehudah Anav le Mishpaḥat ha Anavim, an allusion to Judg. 1:2). Of his personal life, little is known. He… … Encyclopedia of Judaism